By Colin Burgess
This ebook is as a close, yet hugely readable and balanced account of the historical past of animal house flights performed by way of all international locations, yet largely the U.S. and the Soviet Union. It explores the ways that animal high-altitude and house flight study impacted on house flight biomedicine and know-how, and the way the consequences - either winning and disappointing - allowed people to then adopt that very same damaging trip with a long way better realizing and self belief. this whole and authoritative e-book will certainly develop into the last word authority on animal area flights.
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Additional resources for Animals in Space: From Research Rockets to the Space Shuttle
Behind General Knerr's words was the genesis of what became known as Operation Paperclip, which would deny the Soviet Union these intellectual resources by quickly spiriting von Braun and more than 700 others out of Germany. The unusual name for this operation originated from the simple fact that those engineers and technicians selected to travel to the United States were distinguished by paperclips on their ®les, which combined their scienti®c papers with regular immigration forms. '' Moving quickly in the national interest, President Truman authorised Operation Paperclip that August, although it must be recorded that he expressly forbade the participation of anyone found to ``have been a member of the Nazi party and more Operation Paperclip 17 than a nominal participant in its activities, or as an active supporter of Nazism or militarism'' .
Ivan Bella and quail hatchling aboard Mir, NASA . . . Recovery of Shenzhou capsule, AP/Xinhua News Agency Worm canister that survived Columbia disaster, NASA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) AMC AMFL AMRL AP ARDC ARPA ASCS ASPCA BEM BIOCORE BION BIOS BOSS BOTEX BRIC BTS CAAHS Aggregate-1 or Prototype-1 Aquatic Animal Experiment Unit Army Ballistic Missile Agency Animal Enclosure Module Air Force Base International Geophysical Year (French) Acquired Immune De®ciency Syndrome Australian International Space School Also Known As Amphenol Micro Coaxial AeroMedical Field Laboratory AeroMedical Research Laboratory; Army Medical Research Laboratory Advanced Projects (Lockheed's Advanced Development Projects Unit ± known also as the ``Skunk Works'') Air Research and Development Command Advanced Research Projects Agency Automatic Stabilisation and Control System American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Bee Enclosure Module BIOlogical COsmic Ray Experiment BIOlogical Investigations of Space (Project) BIOlogical Satellite Bioastronautics Orbital Space System BOTany EXperiment Biological Research in Canisters BioTelemetry System Chongqing Academy of Animal Husbandry Science xxxviii Abbreviations and acronyms CalTech CAS CASC CASI CCCC CEBA CEBAS CERMA CIA CIEES CIS CNES Convair CPE DEFA DVM ECG ECS EKG ESA EST EVA FOE FOEP FSW GDR HIV HZE IAF IAM IASM IBMP ICBM IEPT IGY IKI IML-2 IRBM IRE JATO California Institute of Technology China Academy of Sciences China Aerospace Science and Technical Consortium Center for Aerospace Information (NASA) Center for Captive Chimpanzees Care Centre d'Etudes de Biologie (Centre for Biological Studies) Closed Equilibrated Biological Aquatic System Centre d'Enseignement et de Recherches de MeÂdecine AeÂronautique (Research and Studies Centre of Aerospace Medicine) Central Intelligence Agency Centre InterarmeÂes d'Essais d'Engins SpeÂciaux (Inter-arms Special Weapons Test Centre) Commonwealth of Independent States Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (French National Space Agency) Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation Circadian Periodicity Experiment Direction des Etudes et Fabrications d'ArmeÂs (French Directorate of Armaments) Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Electrocardiogram (also known as EKG) Environmental Control System See ECG European Space Agency Eastern Standard Time Extra-Vehicular Activity (spacewalks) Frog Otolith Experiment Frog Otolith Experiment Package Fanhui Shei Weixing German Democratic Republic Human Immunode®ciency Virus High-ioniZing high-Energy particles International Astronautical Federation Institute of Aviation Medicine Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine Institute of Biomedical Problems InterContinental Ballistic Missile Institute of Experimental Pathology and Toxicology International Geophysical Year Institute of Space Research Second International Microgravity Laboratory Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile Institute of Radiotechnology and Electronics Jet Assisted Take-O Abbreviations and acronyms xxxix JSC JSLC KH KSC LSD MHz MIA Mirak-1 MR-BD MSFC NACA NAS NASA NIH NPIC OART OFO OKB PARE-1 PETA PSE RAE RAF RAHF RASKO SAA SAM SARAH SLS-1 SMPAA SPAF SPOG SPURT SRV STARS STG STS TBS TCF Johnson Space Center Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre KEYHOLE Kennedy Space Center Dock Landing Ship Megahertz Mouse In Able (Project) Minimum Rocket-1 Mercury±Redstone Booster Development Marshall Space Flight Center National Advisory Committee for Astronautics; National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Naval Air Station National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Institutes of Health National Photographic Interpretation Center (pronounced as ``en-pick'') Oce of Advanced Research and Technology Orbiting Frog Otolith Opytnoe Konstructorskoe Byuro (Experimental Design Bureau) Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment 1 People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Physiological Systems Experiment Royal Aircraft Establishment Royal Air Force Research Animal Holding Facility Raketa Stucznej Kondenzacii (Experimental Science Rocket) South Atlantic Anomaly School of Aviation Medicine; Sally, Amy and Moe (three black mice) Search And Rescue And Homing (Beacon) Spacelab Life Sciences 1 Section Medico-Physiologique de l'ArmeÂe de l'Air (MedicoPhysiological Section of the [French] Air Force) Single Pass Auxiliary Fan Special Projectile Operations Group Small Primate UnRestrained Test Satellite Recovery Vehicle Space Technology and Research Students Space Task Group Shuttle Transportation System; Space Transportation System Tokyo Broadcasting Service The Coulston Foundation xl Abbreviations and acronyms UFO USAAF USAF USC USDA USSR USSTAF V-2 Veronique VFEU VfR VHF WAC WD-40 WSPG ZIB Unidenti®ed Flying Object United States Army Air Force United States Air Force University of Southern California United States Department of Agriculture Union of Soviet Socialist Republics United States Strategic Air Forces (Europe) Vergeltungswae 2 (Retaliation Weapon 2); at ®rst, this stood for Versuchmuster 2 (Prototype 2) VERnon electrONIQUE Vestibular Function Experimental Unit Verein fuÈr Raumschiahrt Very High Frequency Without Any Control Water Displacement formula 40 White Sands Proving Ground Russian acronym for ``substitute for missing dog Bobik'' Also by Colin Burgess in this series NASA's Scientist-Astronauts (2006), ISBN 10: 0-387-21897-1 Prologue Remarkably, in his classic 1865 book From the Earth to the Moon, French science®ction writer Jules Verne told of a lunar trip successfully undertaken by three men.
205 206 207 210 211 214 215 216 217 218 221 223 223 224 226 228 229 230 231 232 233 233 235 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 243 244 245 246 247 248 250 252 254 256 257 261 263 264 266 274 CHAPTER 9 Ed Dittmer with chimpanzee, Ed Dittmer. . . . . Space chimps in training, USAF . . . . . . . . Chimps in psychomotor training, USAF . . . . . MR-2 psychomotor panel, NASA .