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Hans-Friedrich Mueller See also: Athens; Cimon; Pericles. ; Athens, Greece Also known as: Epikouros Category: Philosophy Life Born an Athenian citizen on the isle of Samos, Epicurus (ehp-ihkKYOOR-uhs) began his philosophical education at fourteen and continued in Asia Minor after the conquests of Alexander the Great. He was tutored by the Platonist Pamphilus and the Democritean-Skeptic Nausiphanes but Epicurus. (Library of Congress) 363 Epicurus developed his own philosophy based on the thought of Democritus, incorporating the popularizing tendencies of Hellenistic philosophy.

This idea works well for rational numbers but encounters difficulty with irrational numbers. As a solution, Eudoxus created the theory of incommensurables. This is the subject of book 5 of Euclid’s Stoicheia (compiled c. ; Elements, 1570), probably written by Eudoxus. In astronomy, Eudoxus calculated the circumference of the earth, reported by Aristotle to be 40,000 miles (64,400 kilometers). Eudoxus also originated a theory that the complex movement through the sky of the Sun, Moon, planets, and stars is dependent on their positions on rotating concentric celestial spheres.

Archaic Greece: The City-States c. C. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1976. Landels, J. G. Engineering in the Ancient World. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000. O. Kimball Armayor See also: Herodotus; Polycrates of Samos; Science; Technology. 377 Eupolis Playwright Born: c. ; place unknown Died: c. e. He won in dramatic competition several times with the nearly twenty plays he wrote. No complete play survives, but a number of fragments do, including some lengthy ones. ), famous Athenian leaders from the past, including Solon and Pericles, are recalled from the dead to restore Athens to its glory.

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