By Nai Xia

This booklet provides a close research and thorough learn of the original selection of historical Egyptian beads within the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology in London.

The booklet first discusses the archaeological worth of beads and the tactic hired within the research of them, in particular emphasizing the significance of the means of bead-making for relationship reasons. It then examines and evaluates a variety of schemes for the type of beads. The publication is going directly to suggest a brand new type method and works out a finished corpus of beads through 16 plates.

Next, the ebook contains a chronological survey that info the fabric, typology (including the technical peculiarities), use, association and pictorial illustration of beads during the 9 divisions or classes of old Egyptian background. This survey issues out the features of every interval to boot any touch Egypt can have skilled with overseas international locations as proven by way of the beads. It additionally corrects a lot mistaken identifications of fabrics and wrong datings.

This booklet is predicated at the Ph.D dissertation written by means of pioneering chinese language archaeologist Xia Nai whilst he studied in London collage collage a few 70 years in the past and who had direct entry to enormous firsthand assets on the leading edge of Egyptology examine. It represents a very important and long-awaited enhance in archaeology, not just for Egypt yet for the learn of the previous throughout Africa and beyond.

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We shall be concerned mainly with the method of the making of decorative elements and the method of incorporating these elements into a bead. Those decorative elements which depended mainly upon a contrast of colour for their decorative effect were either left raised up from the general surface of the beads (raised or horned beads) or pressed into the same level as the surface (flush beads). The chief methods of decoration are as follows: 1. Homochromous decoration. Decoration in relief or sunken relief can be made on beads by moulding, modelling, carving or stamping.

75. , pp. 74–75. 17 Cf. Mackay, Bead-making in Ancient Sind, p. 5. 10 7 Stone Beads obtaining a smoothly curved profile. A rotary motion could be produced by rolling the beads with the hand on a flat gritty surface. But some primitive mechanism was almost certainly used, especially for the perfectly symmetrical beads. 21 At Cambay, the bead is held in the workman’s hand and pressed against the outer surface of the polishing disc as it revolves. So far as ancient Egypt is concerned, the one suggested by Myers is more probable to be the case, but this cannot be definitely proved.

A. Bannister and H. J. Plenderleith, Physico-Chemical Examination of a Scarab of Tuthmosis IV, in J. E. A. XXII (1936) p. 4. 18 22 23 Brunton, Badarian Civilisation, p. 27. Myers, Armant, p. 89, 93. Part II Technical Methods of Bead-Making This part will be limited to the task of description only, and will touch the chronology of various methods only by accident. The discussion of their time range is purposely postponed until a later part, when a chronological survey will be attempted. A distinction should be made between the technical feature and the technical process.

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