By Jonathan Owens

A Linguistic historical past of Arabic offers a reconstruction of proto-Arabic via the equipment of historical-comparative linguistics. It demanding situations the normal conceptualization of an previous, Classical language evolving into the modern Neo-Arabic dialects. Professor Owens combines validated comparative linguistic technique with a cautious examining of the classical Arabic resources, resembling the grammatical and exegetical traditions. He arrives at a richer and extra advanced photograph of early Arabic language heritage than is present this present day and in doing so establishes the root for a accomplished, linguistically-based realizing of the heritage of Arabic. The arguments are set out in a concise, case through case foundation, making it available to scholars and students of Arabic and Islamic tradition, in addition to to these learning Arabic and ancient linguists.

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Saussure, Ferdinand de. [1916] 1983. Course in General Linguistics. Translated by Roy Harris. London: Duckworth. Scheffer, Thomas. 2006. The microformation of criminal defense: On the lawyer’s notes, speech production, and a field of presence. Research on Language and Social Interaction 39(3): 303–42. Scollon, Ron. 1997. Handbills, tissues and condoms: A site of engagement for the construction of identity in public discourse. Journal of Sociolinguistics 1(1): 39–61. ———. 1998. Mediated Discourse as Social Interaction: A Study of News Discourse.

This process is inherently intertextual, and often heteroglossic, in the sense of allowing for the play of multiple, historically grounded voices (Bakhtin [1935] 1981). As reported and analyzed by the authors, it can involve either of two types of lay–legal linguistic interaction. First, in constructing their adversarial narratives, lawyers employ live lay witnesses and also reanimate the pretrial speech (which may have been oral or written) of lay actors. Judges do the same in conducting investigations (in civil law countries) and in framing their decisions.

Firth, John R. 1957. Papers in Linguistics 1934–51. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Fish, Stanley. 1989. Doing What Comes Naturally: Change, Rhetoric and the Practice of Theory in Legal and Literary Studies. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Foucault, Michel. 1972. The Archaeology of Knowledge. London: Routledge. Gibbons, John. 1994. Language and the Law. London: Longman. ———. 2001. Legal transformations in Spanish: An “Audencia” in Chile. Forensic Linguistics 8(2): 24–43. Giles, Howard, and Peter Powesland.

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