By Yael Hashiloni-Dolev
This e-book offers the findings of a research into the social shaping of reproductive genetics in Germany and Israel, particularly fascinating social settings, which percentage a nerve-racking background.
Based on numerous empirical fabrics (including in-depth interviews with genetic counsellors and survey information on their practices and reviews, in addition to research of criminal, spiritual, expert and media texts), the research unearths dramatic ameliorations among the way in which that the German and Israeli societies tackle the query of a existence (un)worthy of residing: whereas in Germany, social, cultural, non secular and criminal stipulations limit the choice of embryos according to prenatal analysis, in Israel they strongly inspire it.
A shut comparative research of the ways in which those societies deal with the fragile stability among the standard and sanctity of existence illuminates the talk round reproductive genetics in an unique and provocative approach. The examine can also be leading edge in its use of latest social idea in regards to the politics of existence in comprehending the diversities among societies located at contrary extremes of their adoption of reproductive genetics. It hence deals an unique cross-cultural dialogue referring to present-day techno-medical manipulations of existence itself.
‘This is a special and brave publication. Yael Hashiloni-Dolev studied the sector of reproductive genetics in Israel and Germany, and located out that whereas in Germany social, cultural, felony and spiritual stipulations limit the choice of embryos according to prenatal analysis, it truly is strongly inspired in Israel. This unforeseen discovering is brilliantly analyzed by way of the writer. therefore this glorious e-book has to be learn and mentioned through social scientists, human geneticists, genetic counsellors, bio ethicists and clinical students.'
Benno Müller – Hill, Dr. rer. nat. em. Prof. on the Institute of Genetics of the college of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
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Additional info for A Life (Un)Worthy of Living: Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany
Furthermore, research into population genetics in Israel during the 50s and 60s was a field of knowledge that was considerably affected by historical processes, ideology and socially-determined perceptions (Kirsh, 2003). Hence, Kirsh claims, a clear effort was being made by the scientists to shape and ratify the emergent Jewish national identity by genetically proving a shared biological origin for all Israelis, sometimes at the cost of somewhat biased research conclusions. And so, the studies done in those days proved that there was an absence of substantial gene influx from non-Jewish populations into the Jewish gene pool and some of their highlights were findings showing that genetic distances among most Jewish communities from Europe, Africa, and Asia were smaller in comparison to those between Jews and the indigenous populations of their country of origin (Cohen, 1992).
Direct state government financial support (mainly of state universities) allowed the expansion of tests and counseling. The field was shaped during those years and amniocentesis (AC) became a standard part of pregnancy quality care in Germany, especially with the indication of advanced age of the mother-to-be. Concurrently, German human geneticists began to imitate their American colleagues in treating their patients, as they adopted new concepts relating to the doctor-patient relationship such as: informed consent, patient’s autonomy and non-directive counseling.
To sum up: in this book I will show how scientific and technological knowledge is being played out against a background of national differences. In order to do that, I turn the focus to cultural logics of justification and to the moral discourse concerning the application of genetic methods during pregnancy in two nations, which is part of a larger question about the cultural meaning of “life” in our technological era. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND 17 However, this work will not overlook the structural characteristics of the field of reproductive genetics in the two nations.