By Juan Diego Quesada

This is often the 1st accomplished description of the grammatical constitution of Teribe, a language of Panama, and a member of the Chibchan relatives of languages, which covers a large sector starting from Northeastern Honduras, in the course of the Atlantic of Nicaragua, such a lot of Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, to the West of Venezuela. Spoken via a few 1,000 humans, Teribe is at the present very likely, notwithstanding now not significantly, endangered. This grammar fills a lacuna in a twofold demeanour: it offers an in depth account of the constitution of Teribe, and in doing so, it reduces the variety of vital American Chibchan languages being undescribed. This grammar is hence meant as a contribution to the outline of the language at 3 degrees: a. language-immanent; b. Chibchan comparative grammar; c. documentation of endangered languages, specially these of the yank continent. Teribe is either a transparent consultant of the "Central American" beneficial properties of the Chibchan languages (numeral classifiers, restricted contract, no evidentials), and idiosyncratic inside of those languages (having such phenomena as an inverse building and verb serialization). The study for this publication used to be funded in its entirety by way of the Social Sciences and arts study Council of Canada.

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However, not all types of task conform to this simple model of subdivision. In Friederici et al. ). While syntax-related activation in the inferior tip of area 44 was expected given the above findings, semantic judgment was unexpectedly associated with more superior IFG activation in area 45. This again suggests that simply characterizing a task as “syntactic” or “semantic” may be insufficient and potentially misleading since details of stimulus presentation, comparison condition, and task may affect observed activation patterns.

Front. Neurosci. : Effects of syntactic structure and propositional number on patterns of regional cerebral blood flow. J. Cogn. Neurosci. : PET studies of syntactic processing with auditory sentence presentation. : Perisylvian language networks of the human brain. Ann. Neurol. : Insights into the neural basis of response inhibition from cognitive and clinical neuroscience. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. : Development of language-specific phoneme representations in the infant brain. Nat. Neurosci. : Mismatch negativity (MMN) as a tool for investigating auditory discrimination and sensory memory in infants and children.

2005). This may relate to differences between EEG and MEG. Signals predominantly originate from neurons at the top (“crest”) of a gyrus in ERP, but from neurons buried in the sulci in MEG. As a consequence, ERP and MEG data may not always coincide. Friederici et al. , “The fish was in caught”). Interestingly, the sources were located in STG (just anterior to the primary auditory cortex) and IFG of both hemispheres. This is surprising given the overwhelming lesion and imaging evidence of left-hemisphere lateralization for syntax (discussed in previous sections).

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